Born Gonxha Agnes Bojaxhiu to Nikola
and Drana (of Albanian descent) in Skopje,
Receives Baptism in Sacred Heart Church in Skopje.
Receives First Communion at the age
of five and a half.
Receives the sacrament of Confirmation.
Her father Nikola dies.
Feels the call to religious life for the first time
at age twelve.
Leaves home to enter the Institute of the
Blessed Virgin Mary (Loreto Sisters) at
Rathfarnham in Dublin, Ireland.
Becomes a Loreto postulant and takes the name
Teresa (after St. Thérèse of Lisieux).
Leaves Ireland by ship for India.
Arrives in Calcutta, India.
Becomes a Novice in Darjeeling, India.
Profession of First Vows as Sister Teresa in Darjeeling.
Given her first assignment to teach geography and
catechism in St. Mary's School (Loreto), Calcutta.
Additional assignment to St. Teresa's Primary
School (St. Teresa's Church), Calcutta.
Makes “a Vow to God, binding under [pain of] mortal
sin, to give to God anything that He may ask,
‘Not to refuse Him anything.’”
“This is what hides everything in me”.
Becomes Principal of St. Mary's School and put
in charge of the Daughters of St. Anne (Indian
religious community affiliated to the Loreto Sisters).
Beginning of the
Missionaries of Charity
10 September “Inspiration Day”
On a train journey from Calcutta to
Darjeeling, receives the “call within a call”
to “quench the infinite thirst of Jesus on the Cross
for love and souls” by “laboring at the salvation and
sanctification of the poorest of the poor”. This call
was to give rise to the Missionaries of Charity (MC)
family. Begins to receive a series of interior
locutions that continues until mid-1947.
Decree of Exclaustration granted by Pope Pius XII -
permission from the Holy See to leave Loreto in
order to begin her mission among the poorest of the
poor in the streets of Calcutta.
Leaves Loreto, wearing a white, blue-bordered
sari for the first time, and goes to Patna for a medical
course with the Medical Mission Sisters as
preparation for her new mission.
Returns to Calcutta and makes an eight-day retreat,
staying with the Little Sisters of the Poor.
First days among the poor in Calcutta slums: Taltala
and Pan Bagan.
First visit to Tiljala slums.
Visits Motijhil slums, gathers children and starts her
first slum school.
Moves to the upper floor of the Gomes family house
at 14 Creek Lane.
First candidate, Subashini Das (Sr. Agnes, M.C.),
joins Mother Teresa.
The New Congregation
Society of the Missionaries of Charity Sisters
- at the time 12 members - officially established
on the feast of Our Lady of the Rosary
as a diocesan congregation in the Archdiocese of
Calcutta under Archbishop Ferdinand Périer, S.J.
This day, known as “Thanksgiving Day”, is
commemorated annually by the MC sisters with
all-day Eucharistic Adoration.
Feast of the Society: 22 August, Immaculate Heart
of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Receives Indian citizenship.
Opens first home for the sick and dying,
Nirmal Hriday (Pure Heart) - “Treasure House” of
the Congregation -in Kalighat on the feast of the
Immaculate Heart of Mary.
Begins the Sick and Suffering Co-Workers.
Moves to present-day Motherhouse at 54A, Lower
Circular Road (presently A. J. C. Bose Road).
First disclosure (to Archbishop Périer) of the “terrible
darkness within” existing “more or less from the time
I started ‘the work’ ”.
Mother Teresa's Final Profession of Vows as an
MC and First Profession of the first ten sisters.
Resolves “to become an apostle of joy to console
the Sacred Heart of Jesus through joy”.
Starts a center for leprosy sufferers at Titagarh.
Founds first mission outside Calcutta in Ranchi.
First trip out of India to the convention of the
National Council of Catholic Women
in Las Vegas, USA.
After 11 years, “comes to love the darkness”
realizing hat it is the spiritual side of her work,
an identification with the poorest of the poor,
the unwanted and unloved.
Receives first international award, Ramon
Magsaysay Award, in the Philippines.
Founds Missionaries of Charity
Brothers (active) in Calcutta
(Co-founder: Br. Andrew, M.C., from 1966).
The Missionaries of Charity becomes an institute of
Pontifical Right, that is, directly under the Pope's
Founds first mission outside India in Cocorote,
Opens missions in Colombo (Sri Lanka), Tabora
(Tanzania), Rome (Italy), Bourke (Australia).
The Co-Workers of Mother Teresa have their
Constitutions blessed by Pope Paul VI.
Receives Pope John XXIII Peace Prize, presented by
Pope Paul VI.
Receives John F. Kennedy International Award.
Her mother Drana dies in Tirana, Albania.
Receives Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International
Receives Templeton Prize for “Progress in Religion”.
Celebration of the Silver Jubilee of the Missionaries
of Charity; the Society numbers over a thousand
sisters in 85 foundations in 15 countries.
Founds Missionaries of Charity Contemplative Sisters
in New York (Co-foundress: Sr. Nirmala, M.C.).
Founds Missionaries of Charity Contemplative
Brothers in Rome (Co-founder: Fr. Sebastian, M.C.).
Receives Nobel Peace Prize
Respect for every human life,
particularly her stance against
abortion, becomes a recurrent
theme in her speeches.
Receives Bharat Ratna
(Jewel of India) Award.
Founds Corpus Christi Movement for diocesan
priests in Rome.
Hospitalized in Rome for a heart condition.
Receives Order of Merit from Queen Elizabeth.
Founds Missionaries of Charity Fathers
in New York (Co-founder: Fr. Joseph, M.C.).
Opens first home for AIDS patients in New York.
Pope John Paul II visits
Nirmal Hriday in Calcutta.
Receives Gold Medal of the
Soviet Peace Committee.
Founds first mission in Moscow,
Hospitalized in Calcutta,
undergoes pacemaker implant surgery.
Resigns as Superior General
but is re-elected in September.
1990 - 1997 are years of intense
activity, even as her health
deteriorates; opens more than
170 houses around the world,
including Uganda, Pakistan,
Slovakia, Papua New Guinea, Cambodia, Albania,
Iraq, Germany, Hungary, Honduras, Yemen, U.S.A.,
Philippines Haiti, Uzbekistan.
Writes open letter to the Presidents of the United
States and of Iraq to avert war.
Has a heart attack and angioplasty in USA.
Undergoes heart surgery.
Undergoes further heart surgery; health seriously
Sr. Nirmala, M.C. elected to succeed Mother Teresa
as Superior General.
Last journey to Rome, New York, and
Receives United States Congressional Gold Medal,
the last of more than 700 awards and honors
bestowed upon her during her lifetime.
Dies in Motherhouse,
Calcutta, at age 87.
Given a state funeral and
buried in Motherhouse.
At her death, there are
3,842 sisters serving in 594
houses in 120 countries,
363 active brothers in 68 houses in 19 countries,
14 contemplative brothers in 4 houses in 3 countries,
13 fathers in 4 houses in 3 countries.
Her Legacy and
Reputation of Holiness
Diocesan phase of the Cause of
Beatification and Canonization of
Mother Teresa opens.
Opening session of the Diocesan
Inquiry into Mother Teresa’s life,
virtues and reputation of sanctity held in St. Mary's
Pope John Paul II declares Mother Teresa “Blessed”
on Mission Sunday, concluding the week-long
celebration for the 25th anniversary of his pontificate.
September 5 is established as her liturgical feast.
Pope Francis Canonized Blessed Mother Teresa
during the during this Extraordinary Jubilee of Mercy.
The universal Church celebrated Saint Teresa's
Saint Teresa of Calcutta, pray for us!